CONTOH MAKALAH DESCRIBING PEOPLE TERBAIK DAN TERLENGKAP

MAKALAH
DESCRIBING PEOPLE


NAMA : 
NIM:


INSTITUT AGAMA ISLAM NEGERI BONE
2019



KATA PENGANTAR

Puji syukur kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa atas segala nikmatnya sehingga penulis dapat menyusun makalah tentang “DESCRIBING PEOPLE” dengan sebaik-baiknya.
Adapun tujuan dari penulisan makalah ini adalah untuk meningkatkan kesadaran anak bangsa dalam mempelajari DESCRIBING PEOPLE. Sehingga mereka mampu mengetahui DESCRIBING PEOPLE.
Saya ucapkan terima kasih kepada seluruh pihak yang telah membantu, memfasilitasi, memberi masukan dan mendukung penulisan makalah ini sehingga selesai tepat pada waktunya. Semoga dibalas oleh Allah SWT dengan ganjaran yang berlimpah.
Meski penulis telah menyusun makalah ini dengan maksimal, namun tidak menutup kemungkinan masih banyak kekurangan. Oleh karena itu sangat diharapkan kritik dan saran yang konstruktif dari pembaca sekalian.
Akhirnya, saya berharap makalah ini dapat menambah khazanah keilmuan bagi kita semua.


                                                                  WATAMPONE , 24  JUNI 2019

Penulis


DAFTAR ISI
HALAMAN JUDUL.................................................................................................i
KATA PENGANTAR.............................................................................................ii
DAFTAR ISI..........................................................................................................iii
BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN
A.    LATAR BELAKANG.......................................................................................1
B.     RUMUSAN MASALAH...................................................................................3
C.     TUJUAN PEMBUATAN..................................................................................3
BAB 2 PEMBAHASAN
A.    DEFINISI DESCRIBING PEOPLE...............................................................4
B.     CONTOH DESCRIBING PEOPLE………………………….......................6
BAB 3 PENUTUP
A.    KESIMPULAN................................................................................................32
B.     SARAN............................................................................................................33
DAFTAR PUSTAKA...........................................................................................34
INDIKATOR PENCAPAIAN KOMPOTENSI
1.      MENGIDENTIFIKASI PENGERTIAN DESCRIBING PEOPLE
Describing people artinya adalah menggambarkan orang. Untuk menggambarkan orang, diperlukan kosakata untuk mempermudah dalam membuat kalimat. Menggambarkan orang (people) bisa dari Characteristics (sifat) dan Physical Appearance (penampilan pisik).  Describing people merupakan bagian dari Descriptive Text.
Describing People
DESCRIBING PEOPLE
S + to be + adjective
Contoh:
He is tall.


They are tall.
S + have/has + noun
Contoh:
He has slant eyes.


They have slant eyes.
S + wear(s) + noun
Contoh:
He wears leather jacket.


They wear leather jacket.
S + noun + to be + Adjective
Contoh:
His nose is flat.


Their noses are flat.
S + bring(s) + noun
Contoh:
She brings an umbrella.


They bring umbrellas.

Dalam mendiskripsi fisik orang kita menggunakan kalimat-kalimat sebagai berikut:
•    He/She's got.........(adjective)+Noun.)
•    He/She has .....(adjective)+Noun.
•     His + noun + adjective.
Pertanyaan yang digunakan terkait dengan diskripsi wajah dan badan:
What does she look like?
What does he look like?
(Orangnya seperti apa?)
Contoh Describing People
1. Characteristics (Sifat)
- clever : pintar
- diligent : rajin
- kind : baik hati
- nice : menyenangkan
- intelligent : cerdas
- lazy : malas
- patient : sabar
- smart : cerdas
- talented : bertalenta
- attracted : menarik
- cheerful : ceria
- happy : senang
- helpful : penolong
- hard worker : pekerja keras
- easy going : tenang, segala sesuatu dibuat mudah
- honest : jujur
- handsome : tampan
- beautiful : cantik
- cute : manis
- pretty : cantik

2. Physical Appearance (Penampilan Pisik)
There are many words can be categorized into words that describe a person's general appearance, eyes, ears, face, nose, arms, hair, height and build.
Ada banyak kata yang dapat digunakan untuk menggambarkan orang dari penampilan pisik yaitu mata, telinga, wajah, hidung, lengan, rambut,tinggi dan bentuk.
- sharp eyes : mata tajam
- round eyes : mata bulat
- mata sipit : slanting eye
- pointed nose : hidung mancung
- flat nose: hidung pesek
- oval face : wajah lonjong
- round face : wajah bulat
- black hair : rambut hitam
- blonde hair : rambut pirang
- curly hair : rambut keriting
- straight hair : rambut lurus
- wavy hair : rambut bergelombang
- long hair : rambut panjang
- short hair : rambut pendek
- dark skin : kulit gelap
- white skin : kulit putih
- brown skin : kulit coklat
- thick lips : bibir tebal
- smooth skin : kulit lembut
- tall : tinggi
- short : pendek
- fat : gemuk
- thin : kurus
- slim : langsing
- strong : kuat
Perhatikan contoh-contoh kalimat berikut :
1. He's got long, curly hair. (Rambutnya panjang dan bergelombang.)
2. She's got long, thick and black hair. (Rambutnya panjang, tebal dan hitam.)
3. He has blue eyes. (Matanya biru.)
4. She has a sharp nose, and thin lips. (Hidungnya mancung, dan bibirnya tipis.)
5. She's very beautiful. She's tall and slim. Her hair is long and thick. (Dia sangat cantik. Ia tinggi dan langsing. Rambutnya panjang dan lebat.)
6. He's got a large forehead, and thin gray hair. He has a mole on his right cheek. (Dia dahinya lebar dan rambutnya ubanan dan tipis. Pada pipi sebelah kanan, ada tahi lalatnya.)
7. He's tall and has a well-built body. (Dia tinggi dan badannya tegap.)
8. The man has thick sideburns and long beard. (Orangnya bercambang tebal dan berjanggut panjang.)
Perhatikan dalam menterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia, kita menyesuaikan dengan kebiasaan kita dalam mendiskripsi wajah atau badan. Kalimat "he has a large forehead" tidak diterjemahkan menjadi "Dia mempunyai dahi yang lebar". Kita lebih sering  mengatakan "Dahinya lebar."
Berikut beberapa kata sifat yang sering digunakan dalam mendiskripsi seseorang:
·                     Well-dressed (berpakaian rapi dan baik).
·                     good-looking (tampan, wajahnya baik)
·                     middle-aged (paruh baya)
·                     bald-headed (berkepala botak)
·                     blonde-haired (berambut pirang)
Kata-kata benda yang digunakan untuk mendiskripsi seseorang:
·                     ponytail (rambut berbuntut kuda). She has a long ponytail.
·                     beard (janggut). He has a short beard.
·                     The man has thick sideburns. (Orangnya bercambang tebal.)

Kita juga kadang-kadang ingin tahu bagaimana sifat seseorang atau perasaan seseorang. Untuk ini kita menggunakan pertanyaan:
What is she like? What is he like? What are you like?
Untuk  Jawabannya kita menggunakan kata sifat seperti:
·                     She is polite. (Dia orangnya sopan.)
·                     He is sensitive. (Dia orangnya perasa.)
·                     She is easily angry.
Kata-kata sifat berikut sering digunakan untuk mendiskripsi sifat atau perasaan seseorang antara lain sebagai berikut:
·         kind-hearted (baik hati)
·         hard-working (senang bekerja keras, pekerja keras)
·         honest (jujur)
·         dishonest (tidak jujur)
·         adventurous (senang berpetualang)
·         cheerful (gembira)       
    2. MENGIDENTIFIKASI CONTOH DESCRIBING PEOPLE
CONTOH  1
1. Characteristics (Sifat)
Contoh kalimat :
Pertanyaan : What is your opinion about Rania? (Apa pendapatmu tentang Rania?)
Jawaban     : Rania is beautiful. She is very smart. (Rania cantik. Dia sangat pandai.)
Pertanyaan : What is your opinion about Raka? (Apa pendapatmu tentang Raka?)
Jawaban     : Raka is handsome. He is very cheerful. (Raka tampan. Dia sangat ceria.)

Untuk menanyakan pendapat orang lain tentang sesuatu, digunakan kalimat :
- What do you think about ....?
- What is your opinion about ...?
2. Physical Appearance (Penampilan Pisik)
Contoh Kalimat :
She is Julie.
She has straight hair.
Her hair is fairly black.
She is very tall.

Dia adalah Julie.
Dia memiliki rambut lurus.
Rambutnya hitam bersinar.
Dia sangat tinggi

Berikut adalah contoh paragrap yang menggabungkan antara characteristics dan physical appearance seseorang :

Mr. Bara
Mr. Bara is my uncle. He is a farmer in the country.
He is 55 years old. He is handsome and tall. He is
185 cm. He has sharp eyes and a pointed nose .He
has curly hair. He is very strong. His arms and legs
are strong. He has dark skin. He is very dilligent.
He also smart and patient. He is a nice person and
we love him very much.


CONTOH 2
Contoh Describing People Tentang Ayah
My Father
My father is Mr. Marzuki. He is very warm, smart, dan funny person. I live with him in Munjungan, Trenggalek.
My father is quite handsome man. Now, he is about 35 years old. He has well-built body because he always does exercise every day. He is also tall. He has short black hair and black eyes. He has an oval face and pointed chin. He has slight moustaches and beard. He has slight dark brown skin.
 My father is a junior high school teacher. He teaches sports. He always goes to school in early morning and comes home in the afternoon around 03.00 pm. He works hard for his family. We all love him so much. He is the best father in the world to me.
Contoh Describing People Tentang Bibi
Mrs. Aprin
Mrs. Aprin is my aunt. She is my father’s sister. Her job is a nurse. Now, she works in a hospital near his place.
Mrs. Aprin is about 30s. She has a son and a little daughter, Desta and Devi. Mrs. Aprin is stocky and he has heart-shaped face. She has a bit curly black hair and wears glasses. She has fair complexion. Now, she takes a lot of exercises to make her body slimmer.

She is a good mother for her children and a good nurse for her patient. She always can manage her time to get quality time with her children although she is busy. She loves her children more than anything in her life.

Example about describing general appearance
Sharon is a high school student. She is young. She is short and slim. She has got short, brown hair and brown eyes.

William is handsome boy. He is young. He is tall and he is of medium weight. He has got short, black hair and black eyes.




Helen is a young and beautiful girl. She is short and she is slim. She has got straight hair and green eyes. She is wearing a hat.



Roger is an old man. He doesn’t work. He is retired. He is of medium height and he is plump. He has got short, brown and black eyes.


Claire is a fortune teller at a circus. She is young. She is tall and she is slim. She has got long, curly brown hair and blue eyes.


James is a musician in a rock group. He is tall and he is slim. He has got long, straight red hair. He is wearing glasses. He is old.

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